Water Carts and Why We Need Them

The mining industry is one of those industries that have a significant impact on the environment. As a result, the state and federal governments put mining companies under pressure to do something about it. Reduction of water use and safer operations are among the critical aspects that require more focus. This is where water carts come in.

Also known as water trucks, water carts serve a variety of purposes. However, they are most useful in transporting water, irrigation, road construction, dust control, and mining.

These carts are not like ordinary trucks. A water truck is intended to handle a moving load – and therefore, not a solid one. There is a tank sub-frame, along with a chassis, where both components have a specific design. This design prevents any damage to the cart itself and its tank.

A water cart comes in different sizes depending on the volume of water it can carry. Typically, the truck is fitted with pumps and sprays, which are installed at the front but can also be mounted on the side or rear. Water carts also have hose reels and fill points.


What are Water Carts Used For?

The back of a water cart spraying the ground.

Water trucks are useful in construction jobs. However, in Australia, they are mostly utilised in mining sites. The carts are often present to suppress dust, as well as help the environment. It is no secret that mining is not the friendliest of all activities, but there are always ways to reduce its negative impact.

There are two basic types of water carts, which are named below:

  1. Dump truck mounted
  2. Road truck mounted

Road truck-mounted carts are allowed to travel on the road. However, the vehicle itself should be registered first. Also, they are smaller than a dump truck, so they carry less water. Some mining sites, though, do not need a lot of water. If the area is not expansive, these road truck-mounted water carts can be quite useful.

The core function of the truck is to carry and transport big volumes of water. A water cart has add-ons, including apparatuses that make cartage services possible.

These services include the following:

  • Water haulage
  • Filling up tanks and swimming pools
  • Watering landscape
  • Watering compaction
  • Delivering water

Water carts are also useful for road construction and maintenance. Both sectors have to handle dust, and the only way to keep the area dust-free is with the right ESM Resources water cart.

The truck has several options for its spray, which allows the operator to determine the most suitable one for the job. Technically, it works as storage for water, which is the liquid used to control dust, clean, or wet any site. Water comes out of the spray, hose, or canon. The attachments allow the trained operator to ensure water flows efficiently with minimal overflow.

A water cart is handy when working in hard-to-reach areas. If there are two mines or different places to work on, transporting water is made easy and quick. Think about how much time you can save by carrying 36,000 litres at once between operations, especially those that are far from each other.


Importance of Dust Reduction

A new water truck ready to aid in dust reduction.

The Pilbara Western Australia has an arid climate. Therefore, dust management is significant for both the environment and people. Accidents can happen, which is why controlling dust is especially vital to reduce such risks.

Dust can cause incidents that cost money and perhaps even the lives & health of workers. Mining and construction sites require dust reduction practices to ensure the safety of all the people in the area. As mentioned, water trucks are used to minimise dust on site, which is why this vehicle is crucial to these industries.

Methods to suppress dust have not changed much over the past several years. Water carts are still the best option when it comes to spraying litres of water on haul roads. On the other hand, mine site road networks have evolved. They can no longer be sealed using pavement or tarmac. Such a case calls for these mine sites to remain unsealed, which require an effective watering system.

Unsealed roads should be sprayed with water as regularly as possible. It is the best approach to addressing dust issues. Additionally, it is also needed in construction sites, including road projects. Water is necessary for soil compaction.


WA Rules in Using Water Carts

A clean water cart full of fuel and ready for deployment.

Rules and regulations concerning water carts are a vast subject. These vehicles are considered a type of truck, but they are more specific. Their complexity lies in the fact that they are used in transporting potable water, which means water that is safe for drinking.

In this case, the carts are covered by the Water Services Act 2012, which regulates water services throughout Western Australia. By complying with the Act, it ensures that the business provides excellent quality and an appropriate quantity of water.

Additionally, if the cart is used to transport drinkable water, it should meet the Australian Standard 4020 2005 and the Australian Technical Specification 5200.026 – 2004. These standards govern the materials that may come in contact with the potable water. These components include hoses, fitments, and the entire container.

Licensing may be needed, but it is not often required for operators who provide water services for dust control to a mine site. The Minister for Water can grant a licensing exemption in particular situations. Nevertheless, the Act does mention that transporting water by cart or truck does not need a licence.

Water truck operators do not need a licence to drive the truck specifically as a professional operator. However, a driver’s permit is necessary, as well as the authorisation to drive the vehicle.

Having a certification is a plus, though. Water cart operators have a certification program that provides them with the knowledge they need to drive a haul or dump truck. During the training, they will also gain understanding through guided practice to become a competent operator.

Once completed, the individual can meet the minimum certification standard in the country, NOHSC7019. It is also a good opportunity to lay the foundation skills to operate water carts safely while continuing to improve their proficiency.

The Department of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia executes standards for trucks, trailers, and other vehicles used in quarries. The agency necessitates compliance with the car used and its safety, as well as the operators and their training.


Water Carts you Can Hire at ESM Resources

When you need to hire water carts, ESM Resources provide the top selections that you can find.

Here is an overview of the choices you have:

WC- 13 Isuzu FYH 300/350 8×4

From the world-recognised brand, Isuzu, this heavy-duty water cart promises no slip and easy manoeuvring. The total weight is 45,000 kg and comes with a water spray suppression system.

WC-08, our brand new Isuzu FYH 300/350 8x4 Watercart. This unit is heading to the Pilbara to one of our valued clients.


WC-07 Mack Metro Liner 6×4

Mack offers a 6×4 water cart that you can hire here at ESM Resources. It is one of the most commonly used water carts in the Australian construction industry. The truck is highly reliable and has improved technology, allowing it to function with minimal fuel consumption. It boasts 300 to 350 horsepower.

Mack Metro Liner 6x4 Watercart is one of the most frequently used trucks in the construction industry.

WC-08 Isuzu FYH300/350 8×4

Weighing a total of 45,000 kilograms, this Isuzu offering is rich in features. The truck is durable and can handle a lot of stress from constant use. Of course, when you hire this water cart and all other pieces of equipment with us, you can be sure they are well-maintained.

Isuzu FYH300/350 8x4 Watercart with AES Tank. This unit has already left to a valued client in the Kimberley.

Isuzu FVZ260/300

The Isuzu FVZ260 water cart is great for different industries. Whether you work in the mining or construction sector, this vehicle can help you get the job done faster. It is easy to use and enhances the safety of the operator with its numerous safety features.

WC-17 - Our latest Isuzu FVZ260/300 6x4 Watercart has arrived into Newman. This unit is heading out early next week on a long term hire.

WC-10 Isuzu FVZ 260/300 6×4

This Isuzu water cart showcases that practicality and quality can come together. The vehicle comes with a reverse alarm, no-slip steps, and automatic weight adjustment for the driver’s seat.

The WC-10 Isuzu FVZ 260/300 6x4 Watercart is a perfect example of the quality and practicality Isuzu delivers.

All water carts can be rented as dry hire equipment. It means that you have to provide the driver or operator while we take care of the machine for you.

But which one should you choose? The water cart that you should hire will depend on various factors. First is the job that you wish to accomplish. For instance, you may want to consider the water tank where water will be stored while on transport. The volume will help you determine the size of the water cart it is that you need.

A truck-mounted water cart may be the best option for you. However, be aware that this vehicle requires for the cart to be registered first. If one site is far from where you are currently working, this type of cart is ideal. It can withstand the long travel distances, which is why this truck has long been since a part of water cartage services.

Select any of the water carts that we have here at ESM Resources. We have had extensive experience and knowledge about travelling with water. If you are interested, do not hesitate to contact us. We will help you figure out the best water cart for your project.

A water cart busy spraying dirt in the Pilbara WA.